Astaxanthin (Haematococcus pluvialis)
This naturally derived ingredient must be one of the most exciting things that has ever happened in the world of anti-aging supplementation and nutrition to fight the signs of aging. It belongs to the family of carotenoids and is known to all of us - as the pink color of salmon. Astaxanthin is related to the carotenoid family such as lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-carotene, and lycopene, but that is where the similarity ends. Its chemical structure allows it to uniquely span and protect cell membranes and other similar structures against lipid attack by quickly neutralizing reactive oxygen species.
Like many carotenoids, astaxanthin is a colourful, lipid-soluble pigment. Astaxanthin, unlike several carotenes and one other known carotenoid, is not converted to vitamin A (retinol) in the human body. Like other carotenoids, astaxanthin has self-limited absorption orally and such low toxicity by mouth that no toxic syndrome is known. In living organisms the free-radical terminating effectiveness of each carotenoid is heavily modified by its lipid solubility, and thus varies with the type of system being protected.
Salmon accumulates a very high level of Astaxanthin from their diet, which help protect them from the free radical damaged caused by the environment and the physical stress caused by swimming upstream for spawning.
We can however obtain Astaxanthin by extracting it from marine algae called Haematococcus pluvialis - who is going to do that ? Just find it in Lamelle's Nourish range